General Situation of Bozhou
Bozhou city lies In Nothwest of Anhui Province, which is Located on the joint of Jiangsu Province, Shandong Province, Henan Province and Anhui Province and the hinterland of Huanghuai Plain. Its climate is subtropical monsoon. Bozhou is the first station of Beijing-Kowloon Railway in Anhui Province, occupying Guoyang County,Mengcheng County and Lixin County, Qiaocheng District with an area of 8374 Square Kilometers.
Bozhou is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese Nation with a long history.
Its origin can be traced back to 7000 years ago. The excavation of ruins of
Yuchi Temple, Houtie Camp and Mazhuang culture indicates that in primitive
society, a comparatively complete human tribe has appeared. The cultural relics
unearthed reflect the high manufacturing technique level and plain taste in art
of the ancient tribe. In ancient time, Bozhou jointed Bianluo in North and
Huaisi in South,called "the gateway linking South and North, Capital of Huaxi".
Bozhou was once the capital of Shang Dynasty, Dragon and Phoenix Regime and the
Secondary Capital of Cao and Wei Regime of Three Kingdoms Period, so it is also
called "Capital of three Dynasties" . The city of Bozhou was founded on March,
1986. In May, 2000, it was set up as Bozhou City.
Famous People in History
This ancient land has nurtured many well-known personages. The famous
ideologist Lao-tzu, Saint of one Generation Chuang-tzu, Wu-ti of Wei Dynasty
Caocao, the legendary doctor Huatuo , heroine Huamulan, the Great Master of
Taoism Chenzhuan, famous poet Lishen, painter Caoba, leader of Nian Army Zhang
Lexing were all born in Bozhou.
Lao-tzu (BC580-BC500) was born in late Spring and Autumn Period at Qurenli
Li Town of Ghuku County ( Now Goyang County of Bozhou City), the ancient
ideologist and founder of Taoism. His literature Tao Te Ching has been passde to
the posterity, which founds the spirit connotation of upholding nature and
harmony between human being and nature for thousands of years.
Chuang-tzu (BC369-BC286) named Zhou , he was born in warring States Period
at Song Dynasty (now Mengcheng County of Bozhou City ),famous philosopher and
representative figure of Taoism. He developed the Taoism with his reprehensive
works of Chuang-tzu, which explains the spirit of Taoism and makes it a
far-reaching philosophy sect.
Huatuo(AD145-208), his courtesy name is Yuanhua, was born in late Eastern
Han Dynasty at Jiaojun of Kingdom Pei (now Qiaocheng District of Bozhou), the
outstanding surgeon of that time and was honored by people of that time as the
"legendary doctor". He was accomplished in internal medicine, surgery,
gynecology, pediatrics and acupuncture, especially in surgery . He found the
anesthetic "Mafeisan" and invented Wuqin Xi,which is a kind of medical exercise
imitating movements of five animals.
Caocao(AD155-220), Caocao lived in Jiaojun of Kingdom Pei of Han-Wei Period
(now Qiaocheng District of Bozhou City ). His courtesy name is Mengde and was
the excellent politician, militarist and litterateur of Three Kingdoms Period,
the founder of Cao Regime.
Chen Tuan(AD892-989), courtesy name Tunan, Hao Fuyaozi, born in the late
period of Tang Dynasty at Zhenyuan of Bozhou (now Qiaocheng District of Bozhou),
famous ideologist and Xuan-Xue philosopher, Chen Tuan devoted whole life to
studying Yi-ology and wrote the Zhixuanpian(81 chapters) and Yilongtu, creating
the Chentuan school that is the combination of three religions.
Long history and splendid culture left Bozhou many cherish cultural
heritages and sites. Bozhou is a famous State-level historical city and National
Excellent Tour City .Now, there are 22 State-level and Province-level key
cultural heritages units under protection, 128 County-level and 150 common
cultural heritages, among which the Engraved Drama stage, Huazu Nunnery,
Underground Troop Road, Yuchi Temple Site, Wanfo Tower, Tianjing Palace,
Chuang-tzu Ancestral Hall are famous all over the world.
Bozhou is rich in Chinese herbal medicine and has the name of "capital of
Herbal Medicine"; it is one of the birthplaces of Chinese medicine culture and
the key base of high-tech and industrized development of dillistry and was the
hometown of Chinese white wine since ancient time; Gujing Disllistry and Gaolu
Dillistry are well known all over the nation. Now, it is the important base of
Chinese white wine industry.
Bozhou is also the well known producing area of Scalpers. Mengcheng County,
Guoyang County and Lixin County are the main producing area of scalpers and
horned as the "Golden triangle" of Chinese scalpers. Bozhou is also the
producing base of excellent subsidiary agricultural products that is abundant in
wheat, soybean, corn, cotton and tobacco leaf and has set up a State-level
Vegetable wholesale Market.